US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), says beginning with model year 2018, the Agency will update its 5-Star Rating System to include automatic emergency braking (AEB) as a recommended safety technology.

“We are adding automatic emergency braking features to the 5-Star Rating System because crash-avoidance technologies can save lives and should be widely accessible,” said US Transportation Secretary, Anthony Foxx.

“AEB can substantially enhance safety, especially with the number of distracted drivers on the road.”

AEB systems work with or without driver intervention, by combining inputs from forward-looking radar and/or camera sensors and driver inputs to determine if a rear-end crash is likely to happen.

Specifically, AEB technology includes two systems, crash imminent braking (CIB), which applies the brakes in cases where a rear-end crash is imminent and the driver isn’t taking any action to avoid the crash and dynamic brake support (DBS), which supplements the driver’s braking input if the driver isn’t applying sufficient braking to avoid a rear-end crash.

“We’re putting the brakes on rear-end crashes,” said NHTSA administrator, Mark Rosekind.

“Wherever possible, NHTSA will encourage and accelerate technological innovations that save lives.”