PSA Peugeot Citroën and Ford today unveiled their first jointly-developed direct injection diesel engine.

The first phase of a cooperation deal that will produce a whole new family of state-of-the-art diesels focused on designing a small, “featherweight” motor with features and performance never before achieved in an engine of this size.

Marketed as the HDi 1.4 by PSA Peugeot Citroën and the Duratorq TDCi 1.4 by Ford, the first engine in the family is a 1,398 cc version that delivers advanced fuel economy, driveability and low emissions while its new-generation common rail combustion and fuel injection technology significantly enhances performance.

Strategic Review-


Further new engines in this family will provide both partners’ small vehicles with average fuel consumption ranging from 3.4 to 4.1 litres per 100 km, with CO2 emissions of 90 and 110 g/km, respectively. Lower medium vehicles will achieve 4.5 litres per 100 km, with CO2 emissions of 120 g/km.

The 1.4-litre engines will be offered in versions covering several levels of performance, with power outputs of 60 to 92 hp (43 to 66 kW) and torque ratings of 150 to 200 Nm.

The new engine will be used first in Peugeot’s just-launched range of family-sized 307 hatchbacks and is also expected to appear in the all-new Ford Fiesta, due out at the Frankfurt motor show in September, and the Focus.

23 applications within 18 months

Ford and PSA are claiming that the new engine family will be the motor industry’s first cross-platform, multi-company volume powerplant.

In the 18-month period following the launch, a total of 23 versions will be introduced for use in both companies’ vehicles. This first phase of cooperation will ultimately deliver production volumes of around 6,000 engines a day.

Profile –


The project team designed the engine to be easily adapted to various types of vehicle based on a “plug & play” design and production concept.

This required a broad performance range with a variety of technologies and common engine-to-vehicle links. As a result, the air, water and fuel supply components, as well as the electrical and mechanical connections, are the same regardless of the vehicle and engine version installed.

All engine versions will have more than 60 percent common components and all are based on the same core architecture.

The total initial cost to develop and process engineer the 1.4-litre diesel engine was limited to 470 million euros ($US323 million) including 155 million for design.

The new engine is the first result of agreements that the two companies signed on September 29, 1998. A year later, on October 8, 1999, the partners expanded these agreements with a large-scale cooperative program covering the joint design and production of four families of common rail direct injection diesels – 1.4- and 1.6-litre, a second-generation 2-litre, a 2.7-litre V6 and a new family of engines for light commercial vehicles.

This cooperation will make Ford and PSA the world’s leading manufacturers of diesel engines, will lead to the production of more than 9,000 engines a day in 2005 and require a total investment of EUR 1.22 billion for development and process engineering.

To view related research reports, please follow the links below:-

The world’s car manufacturers: A financial and operating review

Automotive b2b – Strategic threats and opportunities in the automotive supply chain