Joyson Safety Systems, the company established as a result of the merger between bankrupt Japanese airbag manufacturer Takata and Chinese-owned Key Safety Systems, is recalling a further 1.4m airbags in the US due the risk of explosion and flying shrapnel.

The recall affects driver's side airbags installed on cars produced by Volkswagen, Toyota, Honda, BMW and Mitsubishi between 1995 to 2000. There is also a risk that the airbags will not inflate properly in the event of a crash.

The non-azide inflators do not use the volatile ammonium nitrate compound to inflate the air bags, unlike in previous Takata airbag recalls. 

According to documents submitted to the US government, a total of 4.5m of these inflators have been installed worldwide in this period but only a portion of these are still in use due to the age of the vehicles involved.

BMW already has issued recall notifications to owners and other automakers are expected to follow soon. The German automaker has also told owners of affected cars, including the 3-series, not to drive them because of the danger.

So far the company has recalled more than 1.4m cars worldwide, including 116,000 in the US, due to faulty Takata airbag inflators.