The automotive industry continues to be a hotbed of patent innovation. Activity in vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) communication is driven by safety improvement, traffic management, optimization, support for autonomous vehicles, and enhanced transportation efficiency, and growing importance of technologies such as global positioning system (GPS),  global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), artificial intelligence (AI), dedicated short-range communications (DSRC), and cellular vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X). In the last three years alone, there have been over 1.7 million patents filed and granted in the automotive industry, according to GlobalData’s report on 5G in automotive: V2I communication. Buy the report here.

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According to GlobalData’s Technology Foresights, which uses over one million patents to analyze innovation intensity for the automotive industry, there are 300+ innovation areas that will shape the future of the industry.

Vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) communication is a key innovation area in 5G

V2I (Vehicle-to-infrastructure) communication refers to the exchange of information and data between vehicles and the surrounding infrastructure, including roadways, traffic signals, and other vehicles. This type of communication can enable a range of advanced safety and efficiency features, such as real-time traffic updates, collision avoidance warnings, and autonomous driving capabilities.

GlobalData’s analysis also uncovers the companies at the forefront of each innovation area and assesses the potential reach and impact of their patenting activity across different applications and geographies. According to GlobalData, there are 30+ companies, spanning technology vendors, established automotive companies, and up-and-coming start-ups engaged in the development and application of vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) communication.

Key players in vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) communication – a disruptive innovation in the automotive industry

‘Application diversity’ measures the number of applications identified for each patent. It broadly splits companies into either ‘niche’ or ‘diversified’ innovators.   

‘Geographic reach’ refers to the number of countries each patent is registered in. It reflects the breadth of geographic application intended, ranging from ‘global’ to ‘local’.  

Patent volumes related to infrastructure (V2I) communication

Company Total patents (2010 - 2022) Premium intelligence on the world's largest companies
Tata Motors 25 Unlock Company Profile
Toyota Motor 6 Unlock Company Profile
Baidu 11 Unlock Company Profile
Valeo 7 Unlock Company Profile
Alphabet 60 Unlock Company Profile
Robert Bosch Stiftung 3 Unlock Company Profile
Zhejiang Geely 5 Unlock Company Profile
Hyundai Motor 33 Unlock Company Profile
Hyundai Autoever 3 Unlock Company Profile
Aptiv 2 Unlock Company Profile
Hitachi 7 Unlock Company Profile
Chery Automobile 2 Unlock Company Profile
Honda Motor 9 Unlock Company Profile
Mitsubishi Electric 14 Unlock Company Profile
Panasonic 23 Unlock Company Profile
Porsche Automobil 2 Unlock Company Profile
General Motors 12 Unlock Company Profile
LG 18 Unlock Company Profile
Denso 7 Unlock Company Profile
Lumen Technologies 2 Unlock Company Profile
BlackBerry 10 Unlock Company Profile
Continental 2 Unlock Company Profile
Kia 17 Unlock Company Profile
Intel 6 Unlock Company Profile
Ford Motor 22 Unlock Company Profile
Hyundai Mnsoft 6 Unlock Company Profile
Samsung Group 6 Unlock Company Profile
Hanwha Aerospace 2 Unlock Company Profile
Uni-President China 4 Unlock Company Profile

Source: GlobalData Patent Analytics

Nuro is one of the leading patent filers in vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication. The company has developed tailored communication protocols to establish seamless communication between their autonomous vehicles and specific infrastructure elements. These protocols can allow the vehicles to interact with designated infrastructure components such as traffic lights, road signs, or delivery points. Nuro's autonomous vehicles incorporate a sophisticated array of sensors such as LiDAR, radar, cameras, and ultrasonic sensors. The sensors gather detailed information about the vehicle's surroundings and communicate with infrastructure elements for enhanced situational awareness and navigation. Some other key patent filers in this space include Walmart, and Cox Enterprises.

In terms of application diversity, State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance  leads the pack, while Cox Enterprises and Aptiv stood in the second and third positions, respectively. By means of geographic reach, Nuro held the top position, followed by Walmart and State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance.

To further understand the key themes and technologies disrupting the automotive industry, access GlobalData’s latest thematic research report on Automotive.

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GlobalData, the leading provider of industry intelligence, provided the underlying data, research, and analysis used to produce this article.

GlobalData’s Patent Analytics tracks patent filings and grants from official offices around the world. Textual analysis and official patent classifications are used to group patents into key thematic areas and link them to specific companies across the world’s largest industries.