VW-owned Scania says it has become the first company to test the communication giant's new 5G technology components, as part of a collaboration between Scania and Ericsson Research exploring the use of 5G networks in transport communications.

The technology will feature prominently in trials of autonomous driving and connected vehicles. Three mobile base stations have been installed at Scania's R&D facility and the test network will be continuously updated with new technology as it is being developed.

Explains Anders Ställberg, Scania's Project Manager for City Automation, said: "The new test network with its 5G components allows for a high quality mobile network service, with low-latency and high bandwidth, where a lot of complex data can be transferred very quickly and very reliably – providing us with a 'priority communications lane' when it comes to projects such as autonomous driving and platooning."

Having a 'priority lane' has sometimes been an issue in crowded pre-5G networks, where users have to jostle for space with those who are streaming films, music or games, for example. 5G will support many more instances of use than 4G networks – particularly in communication between machines.

For Scania, the low latency (delay) in 5G connections means that the new technology could be used by vehicles transmitting braking or directional information to each other, where speed and reliability are vital. It could also be used to help improve the reliability and speed of the exchange of the information between the two or more vehicles in a truck platoon. Where previously WLAN technology has been used, the 5G technology, with its guaranteed level of latency and bandwidth, could offer an alternative, Scania says.

The new technology can also play a key role in tests of Scania's autonomous vehicle system, such as self-driving vehicles continuously updating a map for autonomous driving, stored on a central server, for distribution to other vehicles in the system.