The Audi A3 Sportback, Seat Leon, Isuzu D-Max, Kia Sorento and Land Rover Defender achieved the maximum five stars in the latest round of Euro NCAP crash testing.

The Honda E EV achieved four stars and the Hyundai i10 three.

Both the new Audi A3 Sportback and Seat Leon sit on the same MQB-II platform as last year's Golf VIII but now feature a centre airbag to improve far side impact protection.

"When it comes to safety, the VW group siblings are in no way inferior to their famous cousin, but it is the Leon that, thanks to more compatible front-end design, has the upper hand with a very creditable 92% for adult occupant protection," Euro NCAP said.

The Isuzu D-Max pick-up was rated by Australasian NCAP earlier this year. Some tests have been repeated by Euro NCAP to ensure a valid rating for the European market. Competing in a segment that is not famous for highlighting safety, the D-Max crew cab is impressively equipped, with standard restraints, AEB and a new centre airbag. However, the mobile progressive deformable barrier test showed that its weight and front structure make the pickup aggressive to other vehicles in a collision. The same is true of the Land Rover Defender: larger and heavier than previous models, the new Defender is equipped with modern driver assistance systems to prevent and mitigate, as far as possible, collisions with other road users. Another heavyweight, the Kia Sorento, is the fourth generation large off-roader tested by Euro NCAP. It comes with new safety updates, including Kia's first centre airbag and advanced e-Call system, and thanks to these retains its five stars, despite its underwhelming performance in the frontal offset crash.

Honda's new electric supermini, the E, represents the state of the art for green driving. It lacks some of the more advanced safety features present in the Jazz but produces a respectable four star rating in Euro NCAP's latest tests, nevertheless. The more conventional Hyundai i10 brings up the rear in this batch of tests. In the full width frontal impact, the driver's pelvis slipped under the lap belt, a phenomenon known as 'submarining'. The i10 also offers a more limited AEB functionality then some other small cars, and ends up with three stars overall.

Euro NCAP's secretary-general, Michiel van Ratingen, said: "Poor crash compatibility between vehicles has been a problem for years. Now, in 2020, we have a frontal test which can assess how a vehicle performs in this regard and can penalise those cars that perform poorly. This is a first for safety assessment and should lead to better, more compatible designs in the future."

Euro NCAP also evaluated three new hybrid and electric variants of cars tested in earlier years. The Renault Captur five star rating of last year now also covers the Captur E-Tech plug-in hybrid. The Peugeot's 3008 SUV Hybrid, the 508 Hybrid and the electrified 208 join the 2016, 2018 and 2019 ratings respectively.