Nikola‘s patent involves systems and methods for efficient and safe communication between hydrogen fueling stations and vehicles, utilizing near field communication and vehicle to infrastructure communication. This allows for transmitting safety, fueling, payment, and other information, enhancing the fueling/recharging process. GlobalData’s report on Nikola gives a 360-degree view of the company including its patenting strategy. Buy the report here.

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According to GlobalData’s company profile on Nikola, Battery management systems was a key innovation area identified from patents. Nikola's grant share as of February 2024 was 50%. Grant share is based on the ratio of number of grants to total number of patents.

Hydrogen fueling station communication with hydrogen powered vehicle

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Credit: Nikola Corp

A recently granted patent (Publication Number: US11926237B2) outlines a method for communication between a hydrogen fueling station and a hydrogen-powered vehicle with a fueling system comprising two hydrogen tanks. The method involves establishing an NFC link between the station and the vehicle, transmitting identifying information, selecting a V2X communication network, and delivering pressurized hydrogen to fill the tanks. Additional steps include monitoring tank data, stopping delivery in case of anomalies, and exchanging payment information and diagnostic data.

Furthermore, the patent details the communication protocols, safety ratings, and specific parameters involved in the process. It covers aspects such as tank information exchange, software/firmware updates, default delivery protocols, and communication interruption handling. The method also addresses the exchange of payment information, diagnostic data retrieval, and updating fueling protocols based on monitoring data. The patent emphasizes the use of NFC and V2X communication links, along with specific hardware requirements and safety standards for operation in hydrogen classified areas. Overall, the method aims to streamline and secure the fueling process for hydrogen-powered vehicles, ensuring efficient communication and safe delivery of pressurized hydrogen within specified parameters and distances.

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GlobalData Patent Analytics tracks bibliographic data, legal events data, point in time patent ownerships, and backward and forward citations from global patenting offices. Textual analysis and official patent classifications are used to group patents into key thematic areas and link them to specific companies across the world’s largest industries.