Renault and Ferrovial will start providing 500 all-electric Zoe vehicles in Madrid this month through the Zity car sharing scheme using smartphone applications.

Madrid has the highest rate of daily car-sharing in Europe due to the city's size, population, traffic problems and air pollution issues.

In the Spannish capital, electric vehicle parking is free and they are permitted access to the city centre at times of high pollution when entry restrictions on internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles are at their most drastic. Another landmark will be reached in June 2018, when Madrid's 'hyper-centre' will be permanently out of bounds to ICE vehicles.

The Zoes in the scheme benefit from Ridecell technology with a GSM smartphone connection completed by a Bluetooth link. That means the Zoe can be contacted even in places where connectivity is poor, such as underground car parks, and the time taken for the vehicles to respond to smartphone instructions sent by customers is reduced. Ridecell also lets customers lock and unlock the cars using their smartphones.

With the new R90 motor and ZE40 battery, Zoe's range is 250 miles (NEDC). Renault estimates in real-world driving conditions, this equates to around 186 miles in summer and 124 miles in cold winter conditions.

Zoe ZE40 can charge from zero to 80% full in 65 minutes using its patented Chameleon Charger allowing it to make the most of the widest range of power supplies and also keep charging times to a minimum.

Renault's Range Optimiser technology has Zoe featuring its heat pump, a bi-modal braking system and Michelin Energy E-V tyres. 

Renault says Zoe is the best-selling electric vehicle in Europe and more than 4,500 models have been sold since launching in the UK.

Zoe is one of four models in Renault's all-electric vehicle range, which also includes the Twizy quadricycle, the Kangoo Van ZE33 and the forthcoming Master ZE large panel van.