Automotive engineering consultancy Ricardo is forecasting a sharp decline in Europe in the current dominance of manual transmissions to a position where they represent just under half the market by the end of the decade. The main drivers are environmental, safety and competitive issues. By 2007 the company expects that second generation automated manual transmission (AMT) dual-clutch systems will be gaining market share, particularly in the popular family sized C and D class segments. For smaller cars, growth is also predicted in continuously variable transmissions (CVT). For larger cars, marginal growth is predicted in conventional automatic transmissions.