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Electric vehicles (EVs) market research, news, statistics, data and forecasts

Electricity as fuelThis free resource from just-auto aims to give visitors an overview of the electric vehicles (EV) industry, some recent news, market research and statistics. We also aim to provide something you might not already know about the sector. If we haven’t achieved that, please let us know!

Some of the information comes from just-auto’s own news and market research services, including just-auto.com, our global market review of electric vehicles and our online QUBE intelligence service, which users can subscribe to.

Electric vehicles market research

The category of battery electric vehicles, along with extended-range electric vehicles, attracts a disproportionate amount of media attention compared to the mild and full hybrids that have been on the market for several years now. But the number of electric vehicles that will actually be built between now and 2015 is a small fraction of the total projected for the two hybrid types.

Pure battery electric vehicles, or BEVs, store energy in a lithium-ion battery pack sized from 20 to 80 kilowatt-hours, powering one or more electric motors that provide torque to the wheels. In dispensing with the combustion engine and its associated mechanical drivetrain, BEVs radically reduce the complexity and parts count of a typical vehicle, while offering designers new opportunities in both structure and packaging.

Manufacturers of electric vehicles:

Aptera
BMW – Mini
BYD
Coda
Daimler – Smart
Dongfeng – Nissan
Fiat
Fisker
Ford
General Motors
Gordon Murray Design
Heuliez
Honda
Hyundai – Kia
Jaguar
Lotus
Magna
Mahindra Reva
Mitsubishi
Nissan
Pininfarina
Proton
PSA Peugeot-Citroën
Renault
Saab
SAIC
Subaru
Tata
Tesla
Think
Toyota
Valmet
Volvo
VW Group: Audi
VW Group: Volkswagen

The typical range for first-generation B- and C-segment BEVs is likely to be roughly 100 miles, which raises fears of the dreaded “range anxiety” among buyers. Alleviating this worry leads to a variation on the BEV, the extended-range electric vehicle, or E-REV.

The E-REV design gives range comparable to a combustion-engined car, which BEVs simply can’t do with today’s battery technology. But the gain in range comes with a cost: E-REVs carry the complexity and expense of a second powertrain – the liquid-fuelled generator set – that may rarely, if ever, be used by drivers.

Factors affecting the market

As the global vehicle market has stabilised following the precipitous declines of 2008 and 2009, roll-outs of advanced technology vehicles have been delayed by some companies (e.g. General Motors) but sped up by others (e.g. Nissan, most German makers).

There are four concerns that must be addressed in the public eye to enable the widespread roll-out of electric-drive vehicles. They include concerns over adequate supplies of electricity to recharge plug-in cars; analyses of the ‘wells to wheels’ carbon impact of cars powered largely or exclusively by electricity; the troubling question for vehicle makers of whether they are willing to see their core energy storage medium produced by an entirely separate industry; and the emergence of lithium as a strategic commodity, along with the associated geopolitics.

Concerns to be addressed

Principally these include:

Conditions affecting market size

Electric vehicles market forecasts

Renault Kangoo Van Maxi Z.E.The battle over market projections for battery-electric vehicles (BEVs), including extended-range EVs (EREVs) over the next 10 years is marked by a fascinating blend of data, assumptions, and quasi-religious beliefs.

On one hand stands Nissan CEO Carlos Ghosn, who says that BEVs and EREVs will make up 10% of global vehicle sales by 2020, or perhaps 8m vehicles out of a total global production of 80m. Earlier, he said he expects the Nissan-Renault alliance to build as many as 500,000 electric vehicles alone by the end of 2012, when five battery plants across the globe come on line. More recently, Nissan spokespeople have ramped that back to a capacity of 550,000 units by 2014.

On the other hand are numerous industry analysts who believe that battery powered vehicles will struggle even to reach beyond 1 or 2% of the global total in 2020.

Putting on our thickest future-vision spectacles, just-auto estimates that BEVs and EREVs (vehicles with “large” battery packs) will take at best 3 to 5% of the market 10 years hence, in 2020.

Electric vehicles market data

Extended range electric vehicles, model plans by manufacturer

Vehicle

Body style

Electric range (miles)

Pack size (kwh)

Pack integrator

Cell maker

Cell chemistry

Peak motor output (kw)

Engine size & type

Sales begin

AUDI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A2 (nee A1 e-Tron)

3DS

30

12 kWh

 

 

 

75-kW

254cc single-rotor Wankel engine powering 15-kW generator

2013

FISKER

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Karma

4DS

50

22.6 kWh

Fisker

A123 Systems

LiFePo

pair of 150-kW motors

2.0-litre gasoline turbo I4 powering 175-kW generator

Feb-11

Project Nina C-segment

4DS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2013

GENERAL MOTORS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chevrolet Volt / Holden Volt

5DS

40

16 kWh

GM / Compact Power Inc.

LG Chem

Li-ion

111 kW

1.4-litre gasoline I4 powering 53-kW generator

Dec-10

Opel / Vauxhall Ampera

5DS

40

16 kWh

GM / Compact Power Inc.

LG Chem

Li-ion

111 kW

1.4-litre gasoline I4 powering 53-kW generator

Q3 or Q4 2011

JAGUAR LAND ROVER

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

XJ "Project LimoGreen"

4DS

 

 

 

 

 

145 kW

1.2-litre I3 gasoline powering 15- or 35-kW generator

2014

LOTUS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evora 414E Hybrid concept

sports coupe

35

17 kWh

 

 

Li-polymer

pair of 153-kW motors

1.2-litre I3 gasoline powering 15- or 35-kW generator

 

PROTON

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EREV family (Geneva 2010)

various

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2-litre I3 gasoline powering 15- or 35-kW generator

 

Battery electric vehicles, model plans by manufacturer

Vehicle

Market

Body style

Electric range (miles)

Pack size (kwh)

Pack integrator

Cell maker

Cell chemistry

Peak motor output (kw)

Sales begin

Group 1: OEMs In Production

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CODA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedan

NA (California only to start)

4DS

90-120

33.8 kWh

Tianjin Lishen Battery

Tianjin Lishen

LiFePo

100 kW

end of 2010

DAIMLER-SMART

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EV

Europe

3DS

62

26.4 kWh

MES DEA-Zebra

-

sodium nickel chloride

30 kW

2008

ED (Electric Drive)

Europe, NA

3DS

84

16.5 kWh

Tesla

commodity

LiCO2

20 kW

2010

A-Class E-Cell

Europe

5DS

120

36 kWh

Tesla

commodity

Li-ion

70 kW

Oct-10

Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG E-Cell

Europe, Asia, NA

two-seat supercar

110

48 kWh

Li-Tek (JV w/Evonik)

Evonik

Li-ion polymer

98 kW x 4 = 392 kW

2013

MITSUBISHI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

i-MiEV

Asia, Europe

5DS

40-70

16 kWh

Lithium Energy Japan (JV w/GS Yuasa)

GS-Yuasa

Li-ion

47 kW

Fall 2009

i-MiEV

North America

5DS

 

 

Lithium Energy Japan (JV w/GS Yuasa)

GS-Yuasa

Li-ion

 

 

NISSAN-INFINITI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leaf

NA, Asia, Europe

5DS

100

24 kWh

Automotive Energy Supply

A.E.S(JV with NEC)

Li-polymer

80 kW

Dec-10

Small commercial delivery van

 

light van

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Third electric car

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Infiniti electric car

NA

4DS or 5DS

 

 

 

 

 

 

late 2012 or 2013

RENAULT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renault Fluence ZE (C-segment)

Israel, Europe

4DS

100-120

22 kWh

Automotive Energy Supply

A.E.S(JV with NEC)

Li-polymer

70 kW

fleets 2010, consumers in mid 2011 or 2012

Renault Kangoo ZE

Israel, Europe

light van

100-120

 

 

 

 

70 kW

mid 2011

Renault Twizy ZE (short-journey EV)

Israel, Europe

tandem two-seater

 

 

 

 

 

15 kW

Q3 or Q4 2011

Renault Zoe ZE small 5-seater

Israel, Europe

coupe

 

 

 

 

 

54 kW

mid 2012

SUBARU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R1e

Asia

3DS

50

 

 

 

Li-MN204

40 kW

Fall 2009

Plug-In Stella

Asia

5DS

 

 

 

 

Li-MN204

 

2009-2012

TESLA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roadster & Roadster Sport

NA, Europe

2-seat roadster

180-240

53 kWh

Tesla

commodity

LiCO2

185 kW

late 2008

Model S

NA, Europe

4-door sedan

up to 300

 

Tesla

Panasonic

nickel-based Li-ion

 

late 2012 ??

TH!NK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

City

Europe

3DS

106

28.3 kWh

MES DEA-Zebra

-

sodium nickel chloride

30 kW

restarted Dec 2009

City

Europe

3DS

112

26 kWh

Enerdel

Enerdel

Li-ion

30 kW

 

City

NAmerica

3DS

100

26 kWh

Enerdel

Enerdel

Li-ion

30 kW

mid 2011

Group 2: The Cautious

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUDI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R8 e-Tron concept (Frankfurt & LA 2009)

 

2-seat sports coupe

155

42.4 kWh

 

 

 

4 x 58-kW wheel motors = 230 kW

late 2012

R4 e-Tron concept (Detroit 2010)

 

2-seat sports coupe

155

 

 

 

 

 

late 2013 ??

BMW-MINI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mini E

NA, Europe

3DS

150

35 kWh

AC Propulsion

E-One Moli Energy Corp.

Li-ion

150 kW

Spring 2009

BMW ActiveE

NA, Europe

2DS

100

32 kWh

 

SB LiMotive (Samsung-Bosch)

Li-ion (NMC)

125 kW

2011

MegaCity

Europe, NA, Asia

3DS

 

16 kWh

 

SB LiMotive (Samsung-Bosch)

Li-ion (NMC)

 

mid 2013

BYD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E6

China, export

small SUV

250

??

BYD

BYD

LiFePo

75 kW or 160 kW (+ 40kW optional)

China 2010, Europe & NA 2011

FIAT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

500 EV

NA

3DS

 

 

 

A123 ??

LiFePo

 

mid or late 2012

Doblo EV

Europe, NA?

light van

 

 

 

 

 

 

late 2011

FORD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transit Connect Electric

NA, Europe

light van

100

28 kWh

Azure Dynamics

 

LiFePo

135 kW

2011

Focus Electric

NA, Europe

4DS, 5DS

100

 

CPI

LG Chem

Li-ion

 

2012

GENERAL MOTORS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chevrolet Sail EV

China

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chevrolet Cruze EV

SKorea

4DS

100

31 kWh

LG Chem

LG Chem

Li-ion

 

 

Third BEV test vehicle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HYUNDAI-KIA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hyundai i10 BlueOn

Asia, Europe

5DS

87

16.4 kWh

 

SK Energy

Li-polymer

60 kW

late 2010

Kia small sport-utility EV

Asia, Europe

small SUV

 

 

 

SK Energy

Li-polymer

 

Jan-12

PSA PEUGEOT CITROËN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(see volume & specs for Mitsubishi i-MiEV)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REVA (now MAHINDRA REVA)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NXR Intercity

Asia, Europe, NA

3DS

100

14 kWh

 

 

Li-ion

25 kW

Q4-2011

NXR City

Asia, Europe

3DS

50

7.5 kWh

 

 

lead-acid

13 kW

 

NXG

Asia, Europe, NA

convertible coupe

125

 

 

 

LiFePo

 

2012

SAAB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Converted 9-3 Kombi

Europe, NA

4DS

124

35.5 kWh

 

Boston Power

Li-ion

135 kW

Q1-2011

TATA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indica EV

Norway

4DS

120

 

 

Electrovaya

Li-ion

120 kW

Oct-09

Indica Vista EV

Europe

4DS

120

 

 

Electrovaya

Li-ion

55 kW

late 2010

Tata Nano EV (2010 Geneva)

Europe

5DS

100

12 kWh

 

Electrovaya

Li-ion

40 kW

2012

TOYOTA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FT-EV

Asia, Europe, NA

3DS

40-50

11 kWh

PEVE

PEVE

Li-ion

45 kW

2012

RAV4 EV

NA

small SUV

 

 

Tesla

commodity

Li-ion

 

maybe 2012

VOLKSWAGEN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Golf Blue-E-Motion

Europe, NA

5DS

93

26.5 kWh

 

 

 

85 kW

2013

Up Blue-E-Motion

Europe

3DS

80

18 kWh

 

 

 

60 kW

2013

E-Lavida

China

4DS

 

 

 

 

 

 

2013

Jetta Blue-E-Motion

NA

4DS

 

26.5 kWh

 

 

 

 

 

VOLVO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C30 electric

Europe only

3DS

75-90

24 kWh

Enerdel

Enerdel

 

50 kW

Q1-2011

Group 3: The Intenders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APTERA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2e

NA

2-door coupe

100

22 kWh

 

 

LiFePo

75 kW

2011 ??

DONGFENG-NISSAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leaf or variant

China

5DS

100

24 kWh

AESC

AESC

Li-polymer

80 kW

late 2012

GORDON MURRAY DESIGN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T27

Europe, Asia

3DS

80-100

12 kWh

Zytek

 

 

25 kW

 

HEULIEZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Will

Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michelin wheel motors

start of 2010

Friendly

Europe

3DS

60 to 150

 

 

 

NiMH

 

end of 2010

LOTUS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evora 414E Concept

 

coupe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAGNA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mila EV (concept)

 

5DS

93

 

 

 

 

50 kW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PININFARINA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bollore BlueCar (nee B0)

Europe

5DS

155

 

Bollore

 

Li-polymer

 

late 2011

Nido EV

Europe

various

87

 

MES DEA-Zebra

-

sodium nickel chloride

 

?

SAIC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roewe E1

China

3DS

83

16 kWh

 

 

LiFePo

28 kW

2013

VALMET

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eva (concept)

 

3DS

100

35.5 kWh

 

 

Li-polymer

 

 

Electric vehicles fascinating facts

Latest electric vehicles news

UK: ULEV government grants triple in last three months
Sales of electric cars and other plug-in vehicles in the UK "continue to rapidly increase, with a record number of people taking advantage of government grants", claimed the Department of Transport in a statement on Monday.

Read the full article >


BRAZIL: Incentives for hybrids do not include plug-ins
Long awaited, the expected fiscal incentive for production and sale of hybrid cars here in Brazil has finally reached draft stage. Yet there was a bit of a surprise: plug-in hybrids and pure EVs are not included.

Read the full article >


INDIA: Ashok Leyland to introduce Optare buses in early 2015
Ashok Leyland plans to introduce locally made, Optare buses in India including electric and hybrid models.

Read the full article >


US: Cadillac and Chevrolet set for electrification push
GM's North America President Mark Reuss has told just-auto that the Cadillac and Chevrolet brands are set for a raft of electrified products.

Read the full article >


JAPAN: Toyota passes 7m hybrids mark
Toyota’s said it sold a further 1m hybrid vehicles in just nine months, taking the cumulative total through the 7m mark. By the end of September, the tally was 7.053m.

Read the full article >

Electric vehicles market research reports

Global electrified light vehicles market- forecasts to 2018

This QUBE report from just-auto provides a comprehensive overview of the global electrified vehicles sector, major OEM developments, top 14 markets, technology trends and market projections. Use this report to gain a quick overview of the sector and to understand the size and scope of the world's key markets

Published: October, 2014 | Price: $2300.00 |


Electric Vehicle Charging Station Market in Southeast Asia 2014-2018

An electric vehicle (EV) charging station, also called an electric recharging point, or charging point, supplies electric energy for the recharging of plug-in EVs including all-electric cars, EVs, and plug-in hybrids. The equipment is divided into two segments based on the technology used to charge the EVs: Wired AC Charging Equipment and DC Charging Equipment. The performance of the equipment is measured in terms of charging time, input power supply, voltages, and maximum operating current.

Published: October, 2014 | Price: $2500.00 |


Global Hybrid Electric Vehicle Market 2014-2018

About Hybrid Electric Vehicle A hybrid electric vehicle combines two energy sources: mechanical, i.e., internal combustion engine (ICE), and electrical. The size of the gasoline engine in hybrid electric vehicles is smaller than that in traditional vehicles. The combination of these two power sources helps achieve better fuel economy and performance. Hybrid electric vehicles are equipped with efficiency improving technologies such as regenerative braking, which charges the battery by converting kinetic energy into electric energy. Also, many hybrid electric vehicles have start-stop systems, which shut down the ICE when idle and restart it when needed, to reduce idle emissions. TechNavio’s analysts forecast the Global Hybrid Electric Vehicle market to grow at a CAGR of 20.86 percent over the period 2013-2018.

Published: August, 2014 | Price: $3000.00 |

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