South Africa's auto industry faces challenging times. Recently, there have been some encouraging signs that vehicle manufacturers are looking to further integrate South African assembly activities into their global and regional strategies. The South African government's Motor Industry Development Program (MIDP) is playing a key part in the development of the auto industry in the context of further trade liberalisation efforts. Alicia J. Robinson, of the US Department of Commerce, has reviewed the latest developments in the South African auto industry and summarises them in this paper.